Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a painful foot condition in which the tibial nerve is impinged and compressed as it travels through the tarsal tunnel. Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome (TTS) is also known as Posterior Tibial Nerve Neuralgia. TTS is a compression syndrome of the tibial nerve within the Tarsal Tunnel. It is difficult to determine the exact cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome. TTS is more common in athletes, active people, or individuals who stand a lot. These people put more stress on the tarsal tunnel area. Flat feet may cause an increase in pressure in the tunnel region and this can cause nerve compression.
Patients complain typically of pain and tingling in and around ankles and sometimes the toes, swelling of the feet, painful burning, tingling, or numb sensations in the lower legs. Pain worsens and spreads after standing for long periods; pain is worse with activity and is relieved by rest. Electric shock sensations, pain radiating up into the leg, and down into the arch, heel, and toes. Hot and cold sensations in the feet, the feeling as though the feet do not have enough padding, Pain while operating automobiles. Pain along the Posterior Tibial nerve path, burning sensation on the bottom of foot that radiates upward, pins and needles type feeling and increased sensation on the feet.
A variety of treatment options, often used in combination, are available to treat tarsal tunnel syndrome.