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Course Descriptions

Philosophy Prefix: PHI

191 Judeo-Christian Doctrine (3)

A fundamental examination of the Judeo-Christian tradition, beginning with a consideration of the relationship between theology and philosophy. Foundational religious affirmations will be examined from the perspective of both disciplines. NOTE: Honors Program ONLY.

220 Introduction to Philosophy (3)

Introduction to Philosophy is designed to introduce the student to the fundamental problems of philosophy from a historical perspective. This course will introduce the student to analysis of concepts such as: moral goodness, moral character, metaphysical foundations of knowledge, the nature of knowledge, and the philosophical foundations of social-political concerns. Furthermore, the course will explore the nature of inductive and deductive reason. This course is designed to create a philosophical background and foundation for upper level Philosophy courses.

260 Philosophy of the Human Person (3)

Philosophical overview of human psychology: individual and social natures of human beings; their materiality and spirituality; human cognition, volition and freedom; differing order of human needs; powers and habits; unity within a complexity of activities; human destiny.

292 Ethics (3)

A study of fundamental elements in ethical theory: analysis of the concept of moral goodness, the origins and nature of moral law and obligation, comparison of various moral systems for moral decision making. Discussion will include application through consideration of concrete examples.

300 Special Topics (3)

Content to be determined each semester by the department as requested by faculty and/or students to fill specified needs or interests.

302 Spanish and Hispanic-American Philosophers (3)

Major ideas of the most important Spanish and Hispanic-American philosophers in their historical and cultural context; development of their ideas and their influence in Western culture; primary emphasis placed on Unamuno, Ortega y Gasset, Zubiri, Varona, Ingenieros, Vasconcelos, Romero, Francovich, etc. (Prerequisite: PHI 220)

304 Epistemology (3)

Philosophical inquiry into the nature of knowledge, kinds of experience, belief and truth, justification and verification. (Prerequisite: PHI 220)

305 Problems in Philosophy (3)

Introduction to some of the basic issues in philosophy including free will vs. determinism, the mind-body debate, the problem of God, and the nature of moral action.

306 Philosophy of God and Religion (3)

Philosophical investigation of the nature of the holy, faith and its relation to reason, religious language and symbol, proof for the existence of God, religious experience and verification. (Prerequisite: PHI 220)

308 Philosophy of Law (3)

Philosophies of law, including natural law theory, legal positivism, American legal realism, Marxism, and recent theories; relationship of law and morality; concepts of justice, responsibility, and punishment; the conscientious objector. (Prerequisite: PHI 220)

310 Formal Logic (3)

The study of the principles of valid argument: deductive inference, categorical logic, propositional logic, and predicate logic. (Prerequisite: PHI 220)

313 Philosophy of Art - Aesthetics (3)

Philosophical study of the nature of art; relation between the various arts, concepts of beauty, the creative process, principles of art criticism, religious art, and symbolism.

314 Metaphysics (3)

A discussion of the nature of reality. Topics may include the nature of being, principles of individuation, materiality and immateriality, predication and causation. (Prerequisite: PHI 220)

316 Ancient Philosophy (3)

An historical survey of the development of western philosophy, including the pre-Socratics, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics, Cynics, Skeptics, Plotinus. (Prerequisite: PHI 220)

317 Medieval Philosophy (3)

An historical survey of the development of western philosophy, including the Patristic period, Saint Augustine, John Scotus Eriugena, Saint Anselm of Canterbury, Avicenna, Saint Bonaventure, Saint Albert the Great, Saint Thomas Aquinas, Scotus. (Prerequisite: PHI 220)

318 Modern Philosophy (3)

An historical survey of western philosophy, from the 17th century to the mid-19th century, including Rationalism, Empiricism, Positivism, Kant and Idealism; emphasis on the continuity and development of metaphysical and epistemological ideas during the period. (Prerequisite: PHI 220)

319 Contemporary Philosophy (3)

An historical survey of the major branches of late 19th and 20th century thought: Marxism, American pragmatism, process philosophy, analytic philosophy, phenomenology, existentialism, hermeneutics and other recent developments, e.g., feminist philosophy. (Prerequisite: PHI 220)

320 American Philosophers (3)

European influences; colonial thinkers; philosophy of the Founding Fathers; Transcendentalism; Pragmatism; Naturalism; recent developments.

321 Philosophy of Peace and War (3)

Classical and contemporary philosophical analysis of peace, war, and conflict between individuals, groups, and nations. Discussion of ethical questions concerning the initiation and the conduct of conflict, revolution, and war. Analysis of nonviolent resolution of disputes, of proposals for solving the problem of war, and of pacifism. Ethical aspects of nuclear weapons employment and the contemporary nuclear weapons dilemma.

323 Philosophical Perspectives on Cinema (3)

This course introduces the student to the many philosophical perspectives that can be found, either explicitly or implicitly, in sophisticated classical cinema. PHI 323 is designed to demonstrate that the better films can be appreciated by emphasizing their aesthetic, moral and above all, their metaphysical and existential dimension.

332 The Thought of Ortega y Gasset (3)

This course is designed to introduce the student to the fundamental elements of 19th and 20th century and Spanish language philosophy and how this was later incorporated into the School of Madrid. It will introduce the analysis of concepts such as phenomenology, Lebenphilosophie, Ortega y Gasset's reaction to Vitalism and Positivism and the metaphysical and epistemological foundations of knowledge. The main focus is to investigate Ortega y Gasset's philosophy and how this is subsequently disseminated throughout the work of Spanish and Latin American thinkers.

336 Julian Marias and the School of Madrid (3)

This course is designed to introduce the major trends in Spanish thought of the 20th century in historical and cultural context: development of ideas and their influence on Latin American philosophy. The course investigates some of the major problems of Spanish philosophy in the 20th century. Special emphasis will be paid to the work of Julian Marias and the School of Madrid philosophical movement.

353 Bio-Medical Ethics (3)

Investigation, in the light of philosophical analysis, concerning numerous ethical issues that arise in the medical, nursing, and allied health professions as well as in the biological and behavioral sciences. Topics, chosen at the discretion of the instructor, may include for example: human experimentation; genetic engineering and manipulations; reproductive technologies; ecological and environment ethics; death and dying; health care delivery; population ethics; clinical setting and interaction; mental health; geriatrics; and communicative diseases.

354 Environmental Ethics (3)

Study of the major issues and theories of environmental ethics. Application of traditional ethical theories to environmental issues, criticisms of these theories, and calls for new theoretical approaches. Relations between environmental ethics and popular movements such as animal liberation, deep ecology, social ecology, and ecofeminism.

355 Philosophy of Politics (3)

Chronological treatment of the political theories of the major philosophers from classical to modern times. (Prerequisite: PHI 220)

360 Asian Philosophy (3)

The study of the major philosophies of India, China, and Japan, including ancient, medieval, and contemporary readings. Confucianism, Taoism, and other major Chinese philosophies. Hinduism and Vedantic philosophies of India. The origins of Buddhism in India, Chinese Buddhism, and Japanese Buddhism (Zen). Contemporary Asian philosophers such as Gandhi, Mao Tse-Tung, and members of the Kyoto school.

365 Advanced Argument Analysis (3)

In-depth analysis of various types of argument, including those in knowledge theory and ethics, which relate to professional and social issues; verbal puzzles; categorizing schemas. (Prerequisite: PHI 220)

370 Contemporary Moral Problems (3)

An introduction to fundamentals of ethical reasoning, various methodologies, and application to current topics in ethical discourse. Topics may include capital punishment, euthanasia, abortion, war and peace, pornography, poverty and hunger, environmental rights, animal rights, academic freedom, sexual discrimination, or other areas of interest. Recommended preparation: PHI 292.

371 Social and Ethical Issues in Business (3)

This course is designed to create an awareness of and a sensitivity to social and ethical issues which can, and should, influence the management of business enterprises by entering into the decision-making processes of today's business managers. Focus is on the legal, social and ethical implications of problems in contemporary business issues such as employer-employee relationships, consumerism (advertising and product safety), environmental conservation, etc. Numerous cases are studied to illustrate the complexities of these issues.

460 Philosophical Classics (3)

Examination of the basic writings of an individual philosopher, of a school of philosophers, or of philosophers of an historical period.

487 Seminar (3)

Research and discussion on selected topics under direction of instructor.

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