The abuse of alcohol and the use of illegal drugs by members of the Barry University community are incompatible with the goals of the institution. The university does acknowledge the problem of substance abuse in our society and perceives this problem as a serious threat to employees and students. The university does hold its students and employees responsible for the consequences of their decisions to use or distribute illicit drugs or to serve or consume alcohol. It is the intent of the university to establish and maintain a drug-free workplace. It is the university's further intent to comply in every respect with the Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act Amendment of 1989 (Public Law 101-226) as presently constituted to be amended in the future.
Barry University condemns the possession, use or distribution of illicit drugs and the abuse of alcohol and drugs/substances, whether prescriptive or non-prescriptive. Any student or employee found to be in the possession of, using, selling, trading, or offering for sale illicit drugs or alcohol on the University's property or as part of the University's activities will be subject to disciplinary action as well as applicable local, state, and federal laws.
As a condition of employment, all employees and students must abide by the terms of this policy. Under federal law, any employee working under, or student receiving funds from a federal grant or contract, must report his/her criminal drug statute conviction for a violation occurring in the University to the administration not later than five (5) days after such conviction. If said employee/student is receiving federal grant or contract funds, the university is required to give notice of the conviction to the contracting agency within ten (10) days after learning of it. Employees/students convicted must, under the terms of this policy, have sanctions imposed within thirty days of the date the university Administration learns of the conviction.
It is important for all students and employees to be aware of health risks related to drug and alcohol abuse.
Alcohol consumption, even in low amounts, causes a number of changes in behavior and physiology. The physical effects related to alcohol abuse include increased heart rate, loss of muscle control, slurred speech, poor coordination and hangover miseries. The mental effects of alcohol use are impaired judgment, impaired thinking and reasoning processes, poor concentration and loss of inhibitions. Statistics show that alcohol use is involved in a majority of violent behaviors on college campuses, including acquaintance rape, vandalism, fights, and incidents of drinking and driving. Continued abuse may lead to dependency, toxic psychosis, and permanent neurological and organ damage. Mothers who drink alcohol during pregnancy may give birth to infants with fetal alcohol syndrome.
Drug abuse in general causes a lowered resistance to disease. I.V. drug abuse can lead to exposure to the AIDS virus and other diseases. Stimulants can cause individuals to go beyond their physical limits. Heart disease, infections, malnutrition, and death are also attributable to their abuse. Withdrawals from stimulants is accompanied by sever depressions and suicidal ideation; therefore, physical supervision is recommended. Depressant abuse can result in respiratory arrest, convulsions coma and death. Withdrawal from depressants can be very dangerous is not done under a physician's care.
Cannabis (Marijuana, Hashish): The use of marijuana may impair or reduce short term memory and comprehension, alter sense of time, and reduce coordination and energy level. Users often have a lowered immune system and an increased risk of lung cancer. The active ingredient in marijuana, THC, is stored in the fatty tissues of the brain and reproductive system for a minimum of 28 to 30 days.
Heroin: Heroin affects the central nervous system by relieving pain and inducing sleep. It activates brain regions that produce euphoric sensations and brain regions that produce physical evidence, thus its ability to produce both psychological and physical addiction.
Illegal drugs are defined in terms of their chemical formulas. To circumvent legal restrictions, underground chemists modify the molecular structure of certain drugs to produce analogs known as designer drugs. Analogs of amphetamines and methamphetamines cause nausea, blurred vision, chills or sweating, and faintness. Psychological effects include anxiety, depression and paranoia. As little as one dose can cause brain damage.
Stimulants can cause increased heart and respiratory rates, elevated blood pressure, dilated pupils and decreased appetite. In addition, users may experience sweating, headache, blurred vision, dizziness, sleeplessness and anxiety.
Cocaine/Crack: Cocaine is the most potent stimulant of natural origin. Cocaine can produce psychological and physical dependency; tolerance develops rapidly. Injecting cocaine with unsterile equipment can cause AIDS, hepatitis and other diseases. Crack, or freebase rock cocaine, is extremely addictive and can cause delirium, hallucinations, blurred vision, severe chest pain, muscle spasms, convulsions, and even death.
The effects of depressants are, in many ways, similar to the effects of alcohol. Small amounts can produce calmness and relaxed muscles, but larger doses can cause slurred speech, staggering and altered perception. Very large doses can cause respiratory depression, coma and death. The combination of depressants and alcohol can multiply the effects of the drugs, thus multiplying the risks. Regular use over time may result in a tolerance to the drug, leading the user to increase the quantity consumer. Examples include
Rohypnol: a very potent tranquilizer. The drug produces an amnesia like effect, muscle relaxation and a slowing of psychomotor responses. This is also called the “date rape drug” or “roofies”. Use may lead to respiratory depression, aspiration or death. This drug is often given to individuals, without their consent, in order to produce confusion and lower inhibitions.
Prescription drug abuse is an increasing concern in the United States, with two leading abused prescription drugs being OxyContin and Ritalin.
OxyContin: a morphine-like narcotic that contains a high dose of oxycodone and is prescribed to treat chronic pain. Other drugs containing oxycodone include Percodan and Percocet, which also have a history of abuse. Users tend to mix OxyContin with other painkillers, marijuana, or alcohol. Short term effects including blocked pain messages and drowsiness. Large does can cause server respiratory complications and even death.
Methylphenidate (Ritalin): a prescribed stimulant used to treat attention deficit disorder/hyperactivity disorder. Although the drug is prescribed to be used orally, users will also snort and inject Ritalin. Very high doses of Ritalin can lead to irregular heartbeat, high body temperature, cardiovascular system failure, and seizure. If it is dissolved in water and injected, it can block small blood vessels, damage lungs, and impair eyesight.
Lysergic acid (LSD), mescaline, and psilocybin cause illusions and hallucinations. The user may experience panic, confusion, suspicion, anxiety, and loss of control. Delayed effects, or flashbacks, can occur even when use has ceased. Phencyclidine (PCP) affects the section of the brain that controls the intellect and keeps instincts in check. Because the drug blocks pain receptors, violent PCP episodes may result in self-inflicted injuries.
Anabolic Steroids are often misused in an attempt to increase muscle strength or bulk. Even use of small amounts may result in serious health consequences such as liver problems, high blood pressure, and hardening of the arteries. Males who use steroids may suffer from premature baldness, decreased testicle size and function, lower sperm counts, decreased sex drive, and unwanted body hair.
Guidelines for Students
Students who need assistance will be evaluated by one of the professional counselors on campus, and, if necessary, appropriate referrals will be made. Students who are found to be in violation of the university's policy and/or local, state or federal law will be subject to sanctions as stated in the Student Handbook.
Federal and State Laws
The Florida State Statutes on drug and alcohol abuse are based upon and are consistent with current federal statutes, which are found in Title 21 and 27 of the United States Code.
A conviction for a possession offense will result in a 2-year driver’s license revocation, even if an automobile was not involved in the offense.
Students who are convicted of possessing or selling illegal drugs (not including alcohol and tobacco) during a period of higher education enrollment for which they were receiving federal student aid (grants, loans, and/or work-study) will lose eligibility for federal student aid. (Excluding convictions that have been removed from their record and convictions that occurred before the student turned 18, unless they were tried as an adult.
The chart below illustrates the period of ineligibility for Federal Student Aid funds, depending on whether the conviction was for sale or possession and whether the student had previous offenses. (A conviction for sale of drugs includes convictions for conspiring to sell drugs.)
|POSSESSION OF ILLEGAL DRUGS||SALE OF ILLEGAL DRUGS|
|1st offense||1 year from date of conviction||2 years from date of conviction|
|2nd offense||2 years from date of conviction||Indefinite period|
|3+ offense||indefinite period||Indefinite period|
If the student was convicted of both possessing and selling illegal drugs, and the periods of ineligibility are different, the student will be ineligible for the longer period.